North Asia Countries

By | February 15, 2021

North Asia is a large region in the north of the continent of Asia.

There are two different definitions:

  • mostly the Asian part of Russia, including Siberia and the Russian Far East.
  • sometimes also Mongolia, which is usually assigned to East Asia.

In the west, North Asia borders the European part of Russia. This border is formed by the Urals watershed. In the south, North Asia is bounded by the states of Central Asia and China and possibly by Mongolia. The northern border is formed by the Arctic Ocean, the eastern by the Pacific Ocean.


The Mongolia is a republic in North Asia. It is bordered by Russia in the north and China in the south. 2,791,272 people live here on an area of ​​1,565,500 square kilometers. With 1.9 residents per square kilometer, it is the most sparsely populated country in the world.

The capital of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar, the head of state is Tsachiagiin Elbegdordsch and the head of government is Süchbaataryn Batbold. In addition to the capital Ulan-Bator, with its almost 1 million residents, there are also the cities of Erdenet in Mongolia, with almost 80 thousand residents, Darchan, about 75 thousand people and Choibalsan with about 45 thousand residents live here.

Less than 1% of the land can be used for agriculture and around 10% of the area of ​​Mongolia is forest. A third of Mongolia are high mountains, of which the Altai Mountains are probably the most famous. The highest mountain in the mountains is the Chüiten summit, at 4,374 meters. There are many water-rich rivers in the north of Mongolia, all of which flow to the Selenga. The most important tributaries are Ider, Orhon and Torlon.

The Mongolia is characterized by its many places untouched nature. It is very rough and there are still many species of animals that have already become extinct in other parts of the world. Unfortunately, socialism has destroyed or destroyed a lot of cultural treasures. So that not much can be found, but in the city of Khurijt there are still remains of the old Mongolian capital.

In Karakorum you can experience the city where Genghis Khan ruled his empire and immerse yourself in the minds of the Mongols.

The Gobi Desert offers opportunities to go inside and feel the deep peace of the Mongol Empire. A visit to the Erdene Zuu monastery also offers pure spirituality. In the Gurvan Saikhan National Park you can find fantastic views from the existing mountain peaks, experience fantastic, rustic and wild nature and can see numerous animal species, including snow leopards and over 200 species of birds.

Where is North Asia Located?

North Asia Location