East Africa Countries

By | February 15, 2021

The eastern countries of the African continent are called East Africa, with different geographical or geopolitical definitions.

Geographical breakdown

The geographical definition includes the region roughly east of the Nile or east of the East African Rift. A restricted definition limits East Africa to the area east of the East African Rift between Ethiopia and the Rovuma River, which includes the countries Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda. Sometimes parts of Mozambique, Malawi and Sudan are added.

The geographical area of ‚Äč‚ÄčEast Africa shows great cultural heterogeneity. Even if one can refer to a representative, homogeneous cultural tradition on the coast, the Swahili social form, which was influenced by Eastern Arabia and India, the most diverse ethnic groups cavort in the coastal hinterland in a very small area. In addition to the Ostbantu, there are also descendants of the Cushites, Nilots and San, the so-called Bushmen. Even if the Swahili coastal society has long since passed its heyday, Swahili as a language is the dominant medium in the area, especially around the great lakes.

Political structure

As of December 2017, the following 22 states and territories under East Africa are listed under the Eastern Africa region in the UN statistics department:

  1. Ethiopia
  2. British Indian Ocean Territory
  3. Burundi
  4. Djibouti
  5. Eritrea
  6. French Southern and Antarctic Lands
  7. Kenya
  8. Comoros
  9. Madagascar
  10. Malawi
  11. Mauritius
  12. Mayotte
  13. Mozambique
  14. Reunion
  15. Rwanda
  16. Zambia
  17. Seychelles
  18. Zimbabwe
  19. Somalia
  20. South Sudan
  21. Tanzania
  22. Uganda

East African Community

The East African Community is a form of economic integration of the East African countries – Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi with the aim of an economic and customs union.


In the case of East Africa, tour operators often only refer to the safari areas of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania due to the tourist interest.

Where is East Africa Located?

East Africa Location