Countries Beginning with B

By | February 15, 2021


The Bahamas are an island nation in the Atlantic Ocean and part of the West Indies. If you’ve always wanted to swim with pigs, you’ve come to the right place! That is also the reason for the tourism boom. Agriculture in the Bahamas, on the other hand, is underdeveloped as there are no suitable irrigation options. The industry consists mainly of small businesses, fishing is done for self-consumption.

  • Continent/Region: North America
  • Language: English
  • Capital: Nassau
  • Currency: Bahamian Dollar (BSD)


Bangladesh lies in the delta of the three great rivers Padma (Ganges), Jamuna (Brahmaputra) and Meghna. In the years since its independence, the economy of Bangladesh has changed from a predominantly agricultural economy to an industrial and service economy. The most important export branch is the clothing industry. In the past ten years, economic growth has averaged around five percent per year.

  • Continent/Region: South Asia
  • Language: Bengali
  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Currency: Taka (BDT)


The Kingdom of Belgium is a country in Western Europe. Belgium is a founding member of the European Economic Community (EEC), today’s European Union (EU), whose main institutions are based in its capital, Brussels. In addition to the Netherlands and Luxembourg, the Belgian state is a member of the Benelux Economic Union.

  • Continent/Region: West Europe
  • Languages: French, Dutch, German
  • Capital: Brussels
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)


Bermuda consists of 360 coral islands, which all together have an area of ​​just 58 km². For a long time Bermuda was considered a tax haven, and even today a number of companies from the finance and insurance industry are based here. Tourism is the most important economic factor: Most visitors come from the USA.

  • Continent/Region: North America
  • Language: English
  • Capital: Hamilton
  • Currency: Bermuda Dollar (BMD)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a southern European state. Unlike elsewhere in Europe, three nations have emerged in Bosnia from three denominations – communities that feel sovereign and do not want to submit to any other majority of the population. Nevertheless, Bosnia and Herzegovina is considered a potential candidate for accession to the EU.

  • Continent/Region: East Europe
  • Languages: Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian
  • Capital: Sarajevo
  • Currency: Convertible Mark (BAM)


Brazil is the largest exporter of sugar, coffee, beef and chicken, soybeans, orange juice and tobacco. The country is rich in mineral resources and oil. Brazil is also the fifth largest country in the world, both by area and by population.

  • Continent/Region: South America
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Capital: Brasilia
  • Currency: Real (BRL)


Burundi is a landlocked country in East Africa and one of the smallest states in Africa. In Burundi, unlike in many parts of Africa, there is no large number of different ethnic groups, only the Rundi ethnic group. Burundi is considered the poorest country in the world, which is financed by the export of coffee.

  • Continent/Region: East Africa
  • Language: Kirundi
  • Capital: Gitega (political capital), Bujumbura (commercial capital)
  • Currency: Burundi Franc (BIF)


The Kingdom of Bahrain is a state consisting of 33 islands in a bay in the Persian Gulf. Due to the soon-to-be-exhausted oil reserves, the country has created a second mainstay through an offshore banking sector. Bahrain is now one of the most important financial service centers in the Middle East.

  • Continent/Region: West Asia
  • Language: Arabic
  • Capital: Manama
  • Currency: Bahraini Dinar (BHD)


Barbados is an island in the Lesser Antilles and a state within the Commonwealth of Nations. The island combines beautiful beaches and British charm into one of the most popular vacation spots in the Caribbean. It is clear that tourism is the most important source of income.

  • Continent/Region: North America
  • Language: English
  • Capital: Bridgetown
  • Currency: Barbados Dollar (BBD)


Belize, the former British colony “British Honduras”, is the country with the poorest population and one of the smallest countries in Central America. Belize is the only country in Central America that does not have access to the Pacific. The culture of the country is influenced by the Mayans, so the country is also a popular place for tourists.

  • Continent/Region: North America
  • Language: English
  • Capital: Belmopan
  • Currency: Belize Dollar (BZD)


Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America. Natural gas reserves have proven to be the economic backbone of the country in recent years. Exports make up around 16 percent of the gross national product. The country also relies on the industrial production and export of coca products in order to conquer foreign markets.

  • Continent/Region: South America
  • Languages: Spanish, Quechua
  • Capital: La Paz (administrative capital)
  • Currency: Boliviano (BOB)


Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana or Botswana, is a landlocked country in southern Africa. The national economic income of Botswana is based on the development of mineral resources in mining, on meat production and on income from tourism through the national parks. In addition, the diamond export accounts for over 70 percent of the total export value.

  • Continent/Region: Southern Africa
  • Languages: English, Setswana
  • Capital: Gaborone
  • Currency: Pula (BWP)


Bulgaria is a republic in southeastern Europe. Bulgaria’s economy is mainly concentrated in the south of the country, which is also where the main growing regions of oriental tobacco are located. In 2007 Bulgaria was admitted to the European Union. Since then, inclusion in the Schengen Agreement has also been targeted. Due to criteria that have not yet been met, the date of membership has not yet been realized.

  • Continent/Region: East Europe
  • Language: Bulgarian
  • Capital: Sofia
  • Currency: Lev (BGN)


Belarus – also popularly called Belarus – is a landlocked Eastern European country. Even after the fall of the Soviet Union, the economy remained a planned economy: industry and agriculture are largely in state hands.

  • Continent/Region: East Europe
  • Languages: Russian, Belarusian
  • Capital: Minsk
  • Currency: Belarus Ruble (New) (BYR)