Countries Beginning with G

By | February 15, 2021


Gabon is a state in central Africa. The country is one of the most sparsely populated countries in Africa. The total area is around 75 percent of Germany, but fewer people live in Gabon than in Hamburg, for example. The north of the country is almost uninhabited. Rich natural resources and a liberal economic policy favored economic development, so that Gabon is now one of the richest countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Continent/Region: Central Africa
  • Language: French
  • Capital: Libreville
  • Currency: CFA Franc (Equatorial) (XAF)


Georgia is located in the Middle East, but its residents call it the balcony of Europe. Large parts of the Georgian population, especially in rural areas, suffer from poverty, underemployment and unemployment. The official unemployment rate is just under 15 percent. Georgia is a member of the Council of Europe and would like to join the EU in the long term.

  • Continent/Region: West Asia
  • Language: Georgian, (Abkhazian)
  • Capital: Tbilisi
  • Currency: Georgian Lari (GEL)


Ghana is a state in West Africa. Awareness of the sustainable use of the country’s natural resources has only recently been increasing, as mining has caused considerable environmental damage. This shift in thinking is mainly due to the increased flow of tourists.

  • Continent/Region: West Africa
  • Language: English
  • Capital: Accra
  • Currency: Cedi (GHS)


Greece is a country in south-eastern Europe and a Mediterranean country. Greece has been a member of the European Union since 1981 and forms the euro zone with 18 other EU member states. Due to the Greek sovereign debt crisis, an exit from the eurozone is always in discussion.

  • Continent/Region: South Europe
  • Language: Greek
  • Capital: Athens
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)


Greenland is the largest island in the world and is geographically part of North America and geologically to its Arctic sub-region. From a political point of view, it is an autonomous part of the Kingdom of Denmark. The economy of Greenland is poorly developed due to the small population and the climatic conditions.

  • Continent/Region: North America
  • Language: Greenlandic
  • Capital: Nuuk (Godthaab)
  • Currency: Danish Krone (DKK)


Guatemala is the most populous state in Central America in the south of the Yucat√°n Peninsula. Guatemala is the largest economy in Central America, but also one of the poorest. The country has great economic potential, the development of which must be promoted in the current years.

  • Continent/Region: North America
  • Language: Spanish
  • Capital: Guatemala City
  • Currency: Quetzal (GTQ)


Guyana is a state on the Atlantic coast of South America. 85 percent of the country is sparsely populated tropical rainforest, which is hardly used for forestry. Guyana lives mainly from agriculture and mining. The country has one of the world’s largest deposits of bauxite.

  • Continent/Region: South America
  • Language: English
  • Capital: Georgetown
  • Currency: Guyana Dollar (GYD)